“Ballet ranks with football as the most demanding of all physical activities and sports”.
- Since 1978 – 3000 articles have been published on dance injuries.
- Between 75-97 % annual incidence of injury reported among professional dancers.
- 80% of dancer have a major injury during their carrier.
- 93% of dance teachers become teachers because of injury. These injuries often go untreated (often due to financial constraints)
- 65% of injuries dance are overuse 35% are acute or traumatic injuries Byhring 2002.
- Only 2% of dance injuries need surgery – 98% can be treated with conservative therapy (Physiotherapy, Chiropractic, Active Release, Graston).
- The average dancer does 200 one leg landing jumps per class – These jumps can produce a force equivalent to 12 times the dancers body weight.
- There are two common four letter swear words in dance “ Food” and “Rest”.
- Burnout is very common in dancers, which causes: decreased strength, decreased coordination, decreased cognitive function, decreased immune function
- Burn out often comes from prolonged stress – dancers are often perfectionists (unrealistic standards, self critical, full of self doubt, often have perfectionist parents).
- Increase heart/respiration rate (increased blood pressure)
- Stomach problems (blood flow is being moves from GI tract to Skeletal muscles).
- Increased muscles tension (decreased flexibility, coordination, muscle pain common, headaches).
- Decreased cognitive function
- Level of fatigue increases (affects mental attitude – avoidance strategies common, avoidance of tasks etc, increased procrastination).
- Overall lack of motivation
- Insomnia common (associated weight gain – increased stress hormones, alteration in eating patterns)
- Chronic fatigue (mental and/or physical)
- Increase in health problems
- Avoidance of all activities
Prevention of burnout in dancers requires several key aspects:
- Balancing activity with rest
- Periodization training (Professional dancers do not do what other athletic disciplines do, they often dance at same level throughout the year).
- Good dietary habits – Dancers are known for the three nutritional C’s – Coffee, Cigarettes, and Candy